The 3rd Presidential


John Adams

March 04, 1797



‘When it was first perceived, in early times, that no middle course for America remained between unlimited submission to a foreign legislature and a total independence of its claims, men of reflection were less apprehensive of danger from the formidable power of fleets and armies they must determine to resist than from those contests and dissensions which would certainly arise concerning the forms of government to be instituted over the whole and over the parts of this extensive country.’

Presidential Oath of Office

Administered to John Adams by the Honorable Oliver Ellsworth, Chief Justice of the United States.

Vice Presidential Oath of Office

Administered to Thomas Jefferson.

Facts, Firsts &


First president to receive the oath of office from a Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court

House of Representatives Chamber, Congress Hall
Philadelphia, PA
Fair. Estimated noon temperature, 53°F